Research Article

Aesthetics of Byzantine Christian Art


  • RUAA SADEQ MHMOOD AL-AKAM College of Fine Arts, Department of Art Education, University of Babylon-Iraq
  • Salam Hameed Rasheed College of Fine Arts, Department of Art Education, University of Babylon-Iraq


The current study addressed the study of (The aesthetics of Byzantine Christian art). Its problem was identified by answering the following question: What are the aesthetics of Christian art represented by the Byzantine icon? Also, it aims to (recognize the aesthetics of Byzantine icon art). The research community was identified to achieve the goal, which consisted of icons and religious drawings that the researchers could count as a framework for the research community after collecting pictures of the subject from foreign and Arab sources and Internet sites. The sample was drawn according to the following reasons: a) It covers the temporal and spatial limits of the research and what fits with the data to achieve the goal, b) Diversity of technical methods adopted in drawing icons and c) The study sample models witnessed a diversity of contents and ideas. The research study reached the following conclusions. First, they borrow iconographic products, religious images and semantic symbols related to the Christian tradition and employ them through analytical visual inferences, in harmony with the structural and structural treatments of the elements and organizational foundations. Second, the products of icon art are associated with the nature of the transition from the tangible to the ideal and in line with the loading of the composition structure with an expressive energy, explaining the necessity of interpretation of religious discourse, and defining the operational vision with a clear dramatic sense. Third,  the iconographic models depend on philosophical data supporting the religious meaning carried in them and giving endless explanations for the public discourse affecting the functionality of (idea) or (event). Fourth, the models of iconographic art are close to the nature of the functional induction of spiritual and sacred tendencies. At the level of deep interpretations accompanying visual forms with a clear aesthetic impact, we find that icon art carries with it religious reference effects related to the sacred. Lastly, Icon art invests in accumulating aesthetic knowledge to produce the artistic image and summons the largest possible amount of data affecting its formulation and output.

Article information


Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies

Volume (Issue)

4 (1)





How to Cite

AL-AKAM, R. S. M., & Rasheed, S. H. (2022). Aesthetics of Byzantine Christian Art. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, 4(1), 143–153.



Aestheticism, Christian Art and Byzantine Icon