Research Article

A Study on the Relationship between the Indirect Strategies and Listening Anxiety


  • Yuying Kang Department of English Language and Culture, Jeonju University, Jeonju 55069, Korea; Department of Business English, Foreign languages school of Shanxi Datong University, Shanxi, 037009, China


Since listening anxiety has been proved by some studies as a debilitating factor in listening comprehension, this research tends to find whether indirect strategies are effective in abating anxiety. Based on Kim’s and other researchers’ anxiety questionnaires, Vandergrift et al.’s (2006), and Zhou’s (2003) strategies questionnaires, the researchers designed two new versions to test the subjects’ level of anxiety and indirect strategies use. As for the relationship between the level of strategy use and the level of listening anxiety, there is a negative correlation between them, which means if the indirect listening strategies use level goes up, the listening anxiety degree will decrease, and vice versa. As a result of a One-Way ANOVA analysis, the high-level indirect listening strategies use group’s anxiety is significantly lower than the other groups, and the low-level Indirect Listening Strategies use group’s anxiety is higher than the other two groups, although it is slightly higher than the intermediate level group.

Article information


Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies

Volume (Issue)

4 (4)





How to Cite

Kang, Y. (2022). A Study on the Relationship between the Indirect Strategies and Listening Anxiety. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, 4(4), 302–314.



Listening anxiety, English proficiency, indirect listening strategies