Research Article

Cultural Preservation of Panay Bukidnon-Halawodnons Amidst Emergent Society


  • Elias C. Olapane West Visayas State University Calinog Campus, Calinog, Iloilo, Philippines
  • Lalaine E. Ricardo Capiz State University-Mambusao Satellite College, Mambusao, Capiz, Philippines
  • Jenewel M. Azuelo Ajuy National High School, Ajuy, Iloilo, Philippines


Ethnic groups are known as minorities in any society. However, the richness of their culture can never be undermined, rather, it serves as defining stuff of history that is worthy of being upheld and preserved. This ethnographic study was specifically designed to investigate how the Panay Bukidnon-Halawodnons in barangay Agcalaga, Calinog, Iloilo, Philippines upheld their cultural society amidst the influence of the mainstream institutions in their community during the 1st quarter of 2019. The informants were chosen through purposive sampling on the basis of the inclusion criteria set before them. Permission from the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) and the cultural community was secured prior to the conduct of fieldwork in the said area. The researchers performed data triangulation and ground truths for the validity of data and observed data saturation for the reliability of the gathered data. NVivo 12 Plus was used for conceptual analysis while the researchers themselves did the analytic analysis. Barangay Agcalaga is generally on its midway progress. Being a cultural community, the Panay Bukidnon-Halawodnons in this place maintain their cultures such as Council of Elders, "binanog" dance, rituals in farming, house construction, circumcision, dagaan, luy-a luy-a, and batak-dungan; bayanihan; babaylan; and love of nature while their lost cultures include binukot; serenade (harana); traditional IP house; burial rites (embalming); dowry system; primitive costumes (bahag and patadyong).  The Philippine government is called to ratify the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention No. 169 or Convention 169 to fortify the cultures of the Indigenous Peoples not only in Calinog, Iloilo but also in the entire country.

Article information


Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies

Volume (Issue)

3 (11)





How to Cite

Olapane, E. C., Ricardo, L. E., & Azuelo, J. M. (2021). Cultural Preservation of Panay Bukidnon-Halawodnons Amidst Emergent Society. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, 3(11), 41–56.



Iloilo, Philippines, Cultural Preservation, Emergent Society, Ethnography, Panay, Bukidnon-Halawodnon.