Research Article

Humans' 3R-adaptation for Space Colonization


  • Carole Tafforin Ethospace, Research and Study Group in Human and Space Ethology, Toulouse, France


Starting with the unprecedented situation resulting from 2020 springer pandemic that constrained people on Earth to a period of lockdown, we analyzed a panel of studies findings on humans in Space based on a step-by-step positive adaptation emerging from optimal relationships of the individual with the environment, be it in weightlessness, in confinement or in insolation. We observed, described and quantified the subjects' orientations, actions, interactions, expressions and positions with the ethological method, science of behavior, implemented in parabolic flight, in orbital flight, during Sirius-19, Mars-500 and CELSS-180 experiments, and at Concordia polar station. We found that the physical and social environment had impacts on the motor, social and cultural behaviors. The behavioral strategies developed over short-term to extended periods of time are based on new Referentials, Rhythms and Rituals of self-organized crews for autonomous missions to the Moon or Mars. Adaptive tools for humans on Earth are to strike a new balance of usual activities and tasks for mitigating psycho-physiological stress and to create new living and working habits for well-being in extreme conditions.

Article information


Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies

Volume (Issue)

2 (4)





How to Cite

Tafforin, C. . (2020). Humans’ 3R-adaptation for Space Colonization. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, 2(4), 72–82. Retrieved from



Behavior, pandemic, Covid-19, small group, confinement, isolation, microgravity