Research Article

Plurilingualism in Morocco: Issues and Challenges to Language Policy


  • Asma Nifaoui Doctorante chercheuse, Université Mohammed V de Rabat


The purpose of this article is to analyze the multilingual situation in Morocco in the face of the challenges encountered by language policies undertaken by the state since independence in 1956. The Moroccan society is characterized by ethnic, cultural, and linguistic diversity. This multidimensional richness has created competition amongst the linguistic varieties in the country, which has prompted the state to undertake several reforms and language policies including Arabization and the development of the National Charter in 1999, with a view to managing linguistic diversity in the country. Before tackling all these issues, a presentation of the linguistic landscape in Morocco is provided. Then, drawing upon the work of researchers specializing in the field, this review addresses the obstacles that have hindered the success and effectiveness of the enacted policies thus far. A sociological approach is also privileged in this study by referencing the work of the sociologist Bourdieu and emphasizing the importance of identity, cultural, and social considerations in developing an effective educational language policy that is capable nurturing citizens with adequate proficiency in national, local, and foreign languages.

Article information


Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies

Volume (Issue)

2 (5)





How to Cite

Nifaoui, A. . (2020). Plurilingualism in Morocco: Issues and Challenges to Language Policy. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, 2(5), 6–13.



Pluringualism, language policy, Morocco, Arabization, multilingualism, symbolic capital